The dawah ( “call”) consists of three elements: the calling (he who does dawah), the called (the person who receives the dawah), and called (the content and body of dawah). Everyone has their own characteristics, objectives and prerequisites.
We will start from the call , or the dawah.
Objective of dawah NOT is to convert people , but rather to convey the message of Islam in its original purity . Indeed, it is Allah (swt) to guide people to His light, not us. This does not mean that we should not come to an effort to make sure the message gets into a more correct, concise and convincing. If people have negative reactions, we should not feel guilty and try to “correct the mistake”, unless this was not because of our errors.
It is ‘important to remember that you should always push the conversation about the bases of Tahweed , since some aspects of Islam are more critical than others, while the Tahweed are the basic principles of religion. Even if we talk about the hijab, of terrorism, of polygamy … the speech should always strive to return to the Tahweed.
For example, the first pillar of Islam is that the only One worthy of worship but Allah (swt), who has not associated; and the first pillar of Imaan, on which the focus should be, it is faith in Allah (swt).
If you do not get to talk to these two pillars, one can never go any further.
And it is only through the acceptance of Tahweed that the called will be successful in this life and the next. If you understand that to attribute acts of terrorism to Muslims it is wrong, if you know the meaning of the hijab, and thinks that the regularized polygamy is only natural, but does not believe in the oneness of Allah (swt), and dies in that state, he will not be successful in the next life.
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “[…] The first thing that [Christians and Jews] you will need to expect them will be the Tahweed of Allah. If they understand, tell them that Allah has prescribed their five obligatory prayers. And if they pray, tell them that Allah has prescribed them the Zakat.
As for the caller (ie us, we send the message), there are several prerequisites:
1) Knowledge . Knowledge is a prerequisite of faith in itself . And it is natural that you have to know as much as possible about the religion to which we are inviting others. If it is to invite a Muslim who ignores the majority of aspects of Islam, the message will appear unconvincing and weak. We should try to extend their knowledge of Islam on all points of view.
2) Kindness. We must remember that Allah (swt) has instructed Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron) so so kind to communicate the message to the Pharaoh who, at the time, declared himself a god. The kindness, in dawah, hits the heart of the people and encourages them to listen : after talking to a Muslim, the first thing you will remember the tone of voice, non-verbal language and the way in which it is expressed, rather than remember his speech in a precise and Word for word.
3) Wisdom . Namely, the art of being able to adapt in any situation . This means that the caller should clarify and explain every aspect so clear and convincing them (quote sources, demonstrating in-depth knowledge of the topic …) in the language of the person to whom you are talking, trying to get the message across in the best , so that the other person understands fully. And so it will continue until the call will not have any doubts about Islam and that the truth, which before was hidden due to misinformation or bad dawah, both the obvious.
4) Patience. It ‘difficult for a person to start its journey in search of religion with us, and ends with us. It ‘a long process, complicated, full of curves, stops and choices to make. So we should not get angry or impatient if the person you talk seems to be reluctant, or if he insists on not wanting to understand.
5) Moral . Even the Prophet (peace be upon him) considered it important that the caller had morality. Our behavior should adapt and follow as closely as possible to what Allah has prescribed for us. Also, the traditions and rituals of Islam can not be separated from good manners and behavior of a good Muslim, as behaving properly with other people is also a form of worship of Allah (swt).
6) Eloquence . That is, knowing how to speak convincingly and correctly in front of people, maintaining high public attention. Do not just use all our resources, which is the Qur’an or the Sunnah, but we must also develop a suitable dialogue mode. You may also have the best evidence and arguments to be exhibited, but if the person who speaks is unable to communicate in correct Italian, in short order, coincided, in order to reach people’s hearts, the message will never arrive. E ‘therefore necessary to implement both our knowledge of Islam, both our ability to hold in public speeches.