The Islam that we must follow is strictly guided by the principles of the Koran. The Hadith, the alleged second source of Islam, are unacceptable as a religious guide, as they have given rise to spurious ideas, untenable and ridiculous that have corrupted the Islam practiced since centuries. Islam based on the Quran only seeks to replace the Islamic concepts more widely spread that led to sectarian divisions among Muslims, and have given rise to violence, conflict and fanaticism so often seen in Islam.
People who believe in the Hadith say that the Koran is not enough, or easy, as a guide for us. The Koran, however, is explicit when it claims to be detailed and to explain himself (6: 114; 12: 111; 16:89), and direct, clear and sufficiently easy to follow (39:28; 43: 2; 44 : 2, 58; 54:17, 22, 32, 40). There are at least fifteen major reasons why you must embrace and follow this Islam based on the Koran alone:
- The Koran, to date, provides the most reliable and comprehensive religious guide for humanity. Confirming and supporting the preceding divine messages, the Qur’an is the last authentic and more comprehensive divine guidance for humanity. It is the last book inspired by God in Arabic, that has been shown empirically, has remained intact in its original, unaltered and pure by the time of its compilation made by reliable companions of the Prophet Muhammad. The Qur’an excels in eloquence and deep, universal attraction, logical consistency and scientific orientation of his message (For further enlightenment see Chapter 1 of my book Exploring Islam In a New Light: An Understanding From The Quranic Perspective ).
- The Qur’an does not bring a new religion, but the purest of all the monotheistic religions. Islam’s roots can be traced back to earlier monotheistic religions, such as Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism and Vedic Hinduism. However, the pure monotheism of the Koran has been lost or diluted in earlier religions (for example, it introduced the Trinity in Christianity and polytheism and idolatry in Hinduism). The Quran corrects errors that have made their way in previous religious books and religions associated with them, and simultaneously supports the original religions brought by the Prophets Abraham, Moses, Jesus and others. All previous prophets of God are respected prophets of Islam, which are excellent examples to be emulated by all Muslims. Our Prophet Muhammad was specifically urged to follow Abraham as an excellent example, and to follow his religion (60: 4-6; 3:95; 2: 135; 4: 125; 16: 123).
- This religion is spiritual. The Koran requires a religious practice that is essentially and fundamentally spiritual in nature. The Qur’an urges men to embark on a journey of spiritual evolution, distinct from the material well-being, for their purification, and attain spiritual wisdom to lead an enriched life, progressive and blessed. For this it prescribes religious practices such as prayer and noble humanitarian actions with the strict moral rectitude and ethics. The Koran inspires us to predict and build a human society in which prevail peace, security, justice, compassion, and an environment that leads to the elevation of all mankind.
- This religion is human. The Qur’an emphasizes mercy, compassion and service to humanity. God wants us to be good and kind to others than we are to ourselves (2: 267). God wants us to save a man instead of killing him, and save a man is like saving all humanity (5:32). In accordance with this spirit we must serve men to save them from danger or disadvantage – by death, illness, injury, deprivation, ignorance, misery, poverty and hunger. Be kind and generous towards other human beings, especially toward those who are poor and disadvantaged, it is a great virtue in God’s eyes (90: 12-18; 2: 261, 265; 70: 24-25). To serve God is to serve men, in the same way that God serves them through His agents.
- This Islam is supporting the social egalitarianism. Although consecrate private property and private enterprise, the Qur’an has a strong meaning socialistic. It urges the wealthier sections of society to share their wealth and their income with other poor and disadvantaged human beings (2: 177; 76: 8-9; 92: 20-21; 107: 1-7; etc. ). The Quran says that there is no mercy without giving (92:18; 9: 103; 3:92; 107: 1-7) (for further illumination on this point see the discussion concerning Spending in God’s Way in the aforementioned author book).
- This religion promotes the application of a rational approach to religion. As typically happens in all religions practice, the Islam practiced it turns out often distracted by those who have the knowledge and the dictates of reason. The Qur’an, on the other hand, it encourages us to apply reason and a scientific approach to the faith. It encourages us to look through the universe and see how things happen: Say (O Muhammad) “Wander on the ground and see how the creation was started (29:20). The creation or change indicates a causal relationship.Koranic religion makes man aware of how he can change his fate and the fate of his company. The Qur’an says very clearly that He does not change the condition of man unless he himself takes the initiative and the exchange rate: God does not change what is in a people until they change what they have inside (13:11 ). other claims made in the Quran, as the fact that the reward is proportional to their work, that no one shall bear the burden of others, that the universe, with its planetary system, follows a perfect logical order, point out the rationale Islam. It is only with a sincere commitment that man can achieve progress and success. God does nothing of His will to reward or punish the man or any creature.
- This religion has no room for religious fanaticism or “fundamentalism”. The Koran does not encourage a fatalistic faith in God. He has given us free will to choose between good and evil (13:11; 18:29; 76: 3; 91: 7-10). We are rewarded or punished according to what we do (2: 286; 20:15; 28:84; 53:31, 39; 42:30; 6: 132; 46:19; 17:19; 5:35; etc.. ). There must not be anything like the predestination of God, or fatalism, that is, the belief that God pre-orders all events. The idea fatalistic adopted by the Hadith is that God knows in advance all events, he predetermines all events and He wants all events; and accordingly all events occur in accordance with what God knew, planned and wanted. But if this idea is true, the Quranic verse that says, ” The man will have only that to which makes an effort” (20:15; 53:39) may not have any meaning. For if God decides in advance what man will do, he can not legitimately consider it responsible for what he does, and the whole system of rewards for good works and punishment for evil deeds collapses completely, and religion does not remain any role to play in the man. Fatalism or blind dependence on God, that denies the relevance of human endeavor, it is therefore not only a concrete obstacle to spiritual progress, but a great impediment to global human progress, and should therefore be avoided.At the same time we must note that faith in the laws of God or logical system also implies that we must be mentally prepared to accept, and readily accept the one from which you can not escape, or which can not be avoided. This is what really means to accept a certain set of facts or factors, which have already been pre-determined by factors, and by which man must live. The given set of facts or predetermined factors is somehow given or willed by God. It is necessary to believe in this kind of taqdir or predetermined fate, or destiny, and this is not fatalism or predestination. This Islam also rejects many other beliefs of their fanatical Muslims are encouraged mainly by the hadith literature (for example, reciting verses from the Koran without understanding them is a virtue [ Thawab ] or, the recitation of certain verses of the Quran gives specific virtues).
- This “Koran only” Islam rejects sects and madhab . When Islam came, during the life of the Prophet, there was only one Muslim group. The Muslims then divided into sects, such as Shiites, Sunnis and Kharijites (who were distinct from the Sunni and Shia), and the Sunnis, in turn, they formed four madhab (schools of thought) – Shafiiti, Hanafi, Maliki and Hanbalites. Below emerged another very conservative Sunni group called Wahhabi. Such divisions among Muslims are unacceptable to the “Koran only” Islam (3: 103, 105; 6: 159). The Qur’an urges Muslims to remain determined and united on the path of God (3: 103, 105). The Quran says: You have nothing in common with those who have divided their system and become sects. Their matter will be with God; then, He will inform them of what they did (6: 159)
- This Islam guarantees human freedom – freedom of religion and freedom of speech. The Qur’an explicitly permits (13:11 human free will; 18:29; 76: 3; 91: 7-10), which is really the fundamental basis of religion, because without free will, humans can not be held responsible of their actions. It grants the freedom to choose between religions, which is implied in the statement itself which must be no coercion in religion (2: 256). The Prophet was asked not to force anyone to his religion (10:99). In addition the statement “To you your religion, to me my religion” (109: 6)means complete religious freedom and tolerance. The Prophet was asked not to disparage other people’s gods, otherwise the others would unfairly belittled God out of ignorance (6: 108). In addition, the statement “Be patient as to what they say, and turned away from them in a dignified manner” (73:10) guarantees freedom of speech and tolerance.
- This Islam is truly a religion of peace and tolerance. Islam “only the Koran” is not disputed by definition. The term “Islam” is derived from ” sausage “, which means “peace.” It also means submission (to God or divine values). The Qur’an supports only defensive wars. It strongly condemns the aggressive wars, persecution and torture, and asked believers to cease hostilities if the enemy is inclined to peace (2: 190-193; 4:90; 8: 61-62). “And fight in the cause of God against those who fight you, but do not transgress, God does not love the aggressors. Kill them wherever you find them, and drive them out from where they drove you, and know that the persecution is worse than being killed. Do not fight them at the Restricted Temple, unless you do not fight in it; if they fight you, then kill them. This is the reward for those who do not appreciate. If they stop, then God is Forgiving, Compassionate. Fight them so that there is no persecution, and so that the system belongs to God. If they stop, then there will be no aggression except against the wicked “(2: 190-193) . Koranic religion is extremely tolerant, a misunderstood faith because of the influence of the widely respected literature Hadith that has perpetuated the rude and extremist version of Islam. Even by historical standards, despite the fact that Muslims often deviated from the path dictated by the Koran, “Islam has a long history of tolerance” history according to the famous scholar of comparative religion John Esposito. The Koran strongly condemns intolerance, violence and terrorism which are currently orchestrated by Muslim extremists in various parts of the world. In the Qur’an God he has clearly and strongly warned men against every act of transgression, murder, corruption or wrongdoing on earth (5:32; 7:56, 74; 13:25; 26: 151-152, 183; 27: 48-49; 47: 22-23). Another aspect of tolerance adopted by the Quran is the attitude of forgiveness that believers are encouraged to adopt towards those who commit excesses. It recommends forgiveness instead of revenge to the extent possible without encouraging the persistence of injustice in society.
- This Islam is in favor of the dignity and equality of men, and is respectful of true human rights. The Koran has total respect for human dignity, and promotes equal treatment for all human beings, regardless of race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinion or other, national origin or social, wealth, birth or similar status. All men and women are equal in God’s eyes; virtue alone determines who is closer to Him (3: 195; 4: 124; 16:97; 33:35). The best, in the eyes of God, is the one who has the best course of action (49:13). All the children of Adam – all men and women – deserve the same dignity: We have honored Adam and we have brought them to earth Sons and in the sea, and We have given them good things, and We have given preference to them over many of those We created (17:70). there is no room for racial discrimination in this Islam. Similarly, although women are treated as inferior to men in Islam Traditional, the Quran does not approve of this discrimination. Nor was there a logic of discrimination based on religious denomination (2:62; 5:69). For that matter, any other reason, such as wealth or property, workforce, or status, or power in society, has value to God (9:55, 69; 10:58, 88-89; 28: 76-81; 30:39; 34:37; 43: 32-35; 111: 2). The Quran provides the initiative and private enterprise, and the right to private property (2: 188). It places a very high value to human life, which implies very high regard for the individual (5:32). It asks us to stand up for human rights and against oppression of men (4:75). It prohibits to deprive others of their legitimate rights: Do not oppress the people of his possessions, and do not venture on earth corrupting (26: 183). Thus the abuse of human rights, which are occasionally committed by governments or ethnic groups, are things that are worth a forceful condemnation by Islam.
- Islam rejects this misogyny. Traditional Islam, dominated by the Hadith , treats women as inferior to men. The degrading manner in which women are treated in Muslim societies has been a major obstacle not only for their own development but also for the overall development of Muslim countries. It is ironic that the fundamentalists or Muslim puritans show a particularly derogatory attitude towards women, treating them “as a constant source of danger and vulnerability to Islam”, and pushing “even to brand women as the main source of corruption and evil “(Khaled Abou El Fadl). The Qur’an rejects this misogynist treatment of women. The ideal vision of the relationship between the husband and the wife portrayed by the Qur’an is that of mutual love and respect, mutual comfort, kindness and support, and equality and complementarity (30:21; 4:19; 7: 189; 25:74; 2: 228). The Koran grants to women rights over men similar to those that men have over women (2: 228). Virtuous people see their spouses and children as a comfort to them (25:74). The Qur’an, of course, gives an edge to men over women, but for the sociological situation in which men have a greater economic responsibility than women. However, if the economic responsibility is shared equally, men and women must be treated fairly for hereditary issues.
- This Islam promotes firmly justice for everyone, even enemies. The Qur’an urges us decisively to support the cause of justice, if necessary witness against ourselves, the parents and relatives (4: 135), and do not let the hatred (implicitly, enmity or injustice) of others there do commit any injustice or deviate from the implementation of justice (5: 8), which implies ensuring justice to all without parochial or partisan considerations, or regardless of religious or ethnic affiliation. The Qur’an urges us not to bribe the judges to seize immorally of other goods, or distort justice (2: 188). God exhorts us to give the right fit and not to deprive others of their rights. He invites us to maintain adequate criminal justice in society – to punish people by making proportionate to their crimes and, where appropriate, to forgive without compromising the cause of justice.
- Islam rejects this rough penalties ( hudud ) prescribed by sharia . Islam rejects this rough penalties prescribed by the Sharia as the death penalty for apostates, the penalty of stoning for adulterers and adulteresses, cutting of limbs for thieves, etc. Are the Hadith , not the Koran, to prescribe the first two punishments. The cut of the limbs is an extreme and exemplary form of punishment for thieves, and should be understood in the historical context.When a society is evolving towards a more civilized way of life, the need for a more severe punishment vanishes.From that point of view, limb amputation is a cruel form of punishment that can be avoided without encouraging the crime. Some Muslim scholars believe that the important word is not cut but limb limb brand, so that the guilty be clearly marked and humiliated in society (see Quran: A reformist Translation of Edip Yuksel et. Al.)
- This Islam categorically condemns slavery and the slave mold practices. This Islam is unequivocally against slavery and slavery practices, and against human domination of one group over another group, and against chauvinism and imperialism. Slavery is a practice very dehumanizing. A good Muslim never reduce to slavery a person, but on the contrary will release or retain as a member of his family. The social egalitarianism is an important characteristic of Islam sign. This is the only way in which we evolve and we raise all men, and helps develop their hidden talents and to produce a comprehensive progress in society. Ironically slavery and slavery practices continued long in Muslim societies, longer than in Western ones (for example, the British government abolished slavery long ago) due to ambiguous influence of literature Hadith . The Hadith recommend the emancipation from slavery and at the same time allow.